18 Déc 2020

The Character Of Being An Agreement With The Standards Of Right Conduct

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My distinction is, I admit, artificial, but it may be a useful way to connect two overlapping areas. Think of morality as the social plant with deep roots and ethics as the social plant with flat roots. Both are socially useful, but in different ways. Our daily language shows that discourses of morality and ethics are often added to different social purposes, with morality indicating the deeper realm of beliefs about consciousness and personal identity (for example. B belief systems), while ethics often, but not always, indicate a social area of relationships based on the common identity of interdependent roles (for example. B roles in public service). Many philosophers believe that morality is about following well-defined rules of conduct, such as « do not kill » or « do not steal. » I probably need to learn these rules and make sure that each of my actions complies with the rules. However, the ethics of virtue place less emphasis on the rules of learning and instead emphasize the importance of developing good habits of character such as benevolence (see moral character). For example, when I have acquired benevolence, I will generally be benevolent. Historically, the theory of virtue is one of the oldest normative traditions of Western philosophy, which has its roots in ancient Greek civilization. Plato emphasized four virtues later called cardinal virtues: wisdom, courage, moderation and justice. Other important virtues are strength, generosity, self-esteem, good humour and sincerity.

In addition to supporting good habits of character, virtue theorists believe that we should avoid developing bad character traits or vices such as cowardice, insensitivity, injustice and vanity. The theory of virtue emphasizes moral education, because virtuous traits are developed in youth. Adults are therefore responsible for instilling virtues in young people. Proponents of the different secular vision generally believe that moral values are objective in the sense that they exist in a spiritual field beyond subjective human conventions.

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